|When, Where, What, How||Why|
|ESTJ||Exports world thought in parts||Good|
|ESFJ||Exports world feeling in parts||Good|
|ISTJ||Exports self thought in parts||Good|
|ISFJ||Exports self feeling in parts||Good|
|ENTJ||Exports world thoughts as a whole||Truth|
|INTJ||Exports self thoughts as a whole||Truth|
|ENTP||Imports world thoughts as a whole||Truth|
|INTP||Imports self thoughts as a whole||Truth|
|ESTP||Imports world thought in parts||Beauty|
|ISTP||Imports self thought in parts||Beauty|
|ESFP||Imports world feeling in parts||Beauty|
|ISFP||Imports self feeling in parts||Beauty|
|ENFJ||Exports world feelings as a whole||Harmony|
|INFJ||Exports self feelings as a whole||Harmony|
|ENFP||Imports world feelings as a whole||Harmony|
|INFP||Imports self feelings as a whole||Harmony|
E/I = Where
S/N = How
T/F = What
J/P = When
Myers-Briggs temperament = Why
The matrix looks complicated, so be patient as it's explained.
First, a brief note
If two types that are the same, except for E/I, they will have the same description but with a different priority. E.g., ESTJ and ISTJ both export thoughts in parts, but ESTJ priortizes the fact that it's a "thought"; ISTJ prioritizes the fact that it's a "part".
Now, how do we arrive at the above chart?
Jung discovered that the combinations give a flavor of how we process, which he called functions, presented in the matrix below. And the functions have a preferred order, left to right, more conscious to less conscious. For example, ESTJ has a first function of Te, which means they most naturally think about the world, and are least in touch with Fi, which is about their own feelings.
Here's the matrix, and the functions are described beneath it.
What, How, Where
The "What" (T/F) is thoughts or feelings;
and "How" (S/N) are parts or whole.
can each be oriented to a Where (E/I) which is world or self;
That gives us eight functions:
|Te||Thoughts about the world|
|Ti||Thoughts about the self|
|Fe||Feelings about the world|
|Fi||Feelings about the self|
|Se||Parts about the world|
|Si||Parts about the self|
|Ne||Wholeness about the world|
|Ni||Wholeness about the self|
The last letter gives us the "When", which describes either the future goal (J) or present journey (P).
A better way to think of this is that we are either:
exporting (J) to a future goal or
importing (P) the present journey.
An important distanction: Export/Import vs. Extovert/Intravert
These are often confused:
exported/importing (J/P), and
Notice that an exporter (J) might be an introverted, and
an importer (P) might be an extrovert!
E.g., ISTJ is introverted, but exports thoughts.
E.g, an ESFP is extroverted but imports beauty.
In other words, tricky types to discern are:
if a J and is intoverted, or
if a P type is extraverted
E.g., the ISTJ exports but appears introverted, and
E.g., the ESFP imports but appears extroverted.
So watch out: 8 of the 16 types have that.
OK, here's the main insight:
We are comfortable with functions 1 and 2, then mature into 3 and 4.
A basic ideas is that we each have a preferred, natural, most comfortable ordering of those functions. And if we are really natural at one half of the parity, then the opposite quality will be less natural.
Each of the 16 types preferentially orders these eight Functions in the matrix (which displays on 1-4, left to right which are conscious, but 5-8 are not displayed because they are unconscious).
Normally a person first accesses functions 1 and 2 (most conscious) ,
and, if healthy, then accesses the later functions (least conscious).
For example, a healthy person go deeper into their creative (4th) function, which is the last of the conscious expressions -- it's least concerned what "should" be done.
As we mature we better integrate the fourth function, like filling up the 4th wheel of the car with air.
The Why: Myers-Briggs
Last, the Myers-Briggs tells us our greatest appetite: the "Why".
This will be either:
This may seem convoluted, but once you get it, the flavors of people become much more rich.
Thus, using both the Myers-Briggs and the Jung functions together gives us:
- Where (E/I)
- How (S/N)
- What (T/F)
- When (J/P)
- Why (Good, Truth, Beauty, Harmony)
For each type in the left sidebar, I have placed a one-line summary at the top of the description. For example, at the top of the ESTJ page we read "Exports thoughts in parts for the goal of goodness."
That tells quite a bit about a person! It's at least a great starting point for conversation.
Anyway, that's my two cents—please send me any corrections.